A federal law was passed in 2008 called the Genetic Information Non-Discrimination Act (GINA) which prohibits medical insurance companies and employers from discrimination based on genetic information. Within GINA, genetic information does not only include the results of genetic testing but also the fact that genetic testing occurred. Employers are also prohibited from making firing, hiring, and promotion decisions based on the results of genetic testing. Insurance companies cannot raise rates, cancel a plan, or determine plan eligibility because of genetic testing. However, GINA does not extend to life, disability, or long-term insurance companies.